A new proposal put forth by Professor of Psychology Tim Kasser would seek to redefine what it means to receive an A grade and require the Registrar to list more information about a student’s relative achievement on all transcripts.
At the moment, an A is defined by faculty regulation C7.2, which states, “The grade of A shall be recorded for performance that is outstanding in relation to that which is competent or fully satisfactory for progress toward the Knox baccalaureate degree.”
Kasser’s proposal, presented to the assembled faculty at this month’s faculty meeting, would change that wording to require faculty to award an A “When a student has demonstrated substantial mastery of the vast majority of the material and skills taught in the class.”
A second part of the proposal would require the Registrar to list average grades earned in the class alongside the student’s grade when printing transcripts. This would seek to give employers and graduate schools a better sense of how a student was doing by allowing them to see the difficulty of the courses that they were taking.
He was prompted by data showing the vast disparity in the number of A’s awarded by department, saying, “We need to find out a way to be more consistent about what an A means.” Recent data shows that almost half of all grades given out at Knox are A’s, triggering concern that some departments are grading their students easier than others.
A number of faculty members questioned the proposed wording changes.
There was a great deal of discussion whether the adjectives “substantial” and “vast majority” raised the standards necessary to achieve an A or lowered them. This lack of clarity was a point of some concern, as it might subvert the proposal’s intended purpose of standardizing the value of an A across the school.
Professor of Theatre Elizabeth Carlin-Metz defended the old definition along these lines, saying that it has “clarity that is readily available to the students.”
Associate Professor of Political Science Andrew Civettini disagreed and found the new definition clearer, arguing that standards for what is “fully satisfactory” to expect from students may be very different even if they were in the same class.
Civettini also raised concerns about whether the phrase “in the class” excluded non-classroom activities done for credit such as internships and independent study projects. Kasser said that he thinks all such projects should be graded on a S/U basis.
There was major concern about the possible negative effects the wording change and possible accompanying deflation might have on students’ ability to apply to grad school or jobs, with grade inflation so prevalent nationwide. Knox is already in the bottom half of comparable regional liberal arts schools in terms of average grade awarded.
The second half of the proposal also generated its share of critcism.
Kasser said that his hope was to “convey meaningful information to the student and the outside world.” The intention of this part of the proposal is to help students who are receieving lower GPAs because of their more rigorous courses to be evaluated fairly on their transcripts.
Professor of Political Science Lane Sunderland spoke out in favor of the proposal.
“I like the transparency,” he said, noting that he often had added paragraphs to letters of recommendation for students whose GPAs did not reflect accurately how challenging their courses were.
Professor of Physics and Registrar Charles Schulz admitted that he did not know how such a transcript would be perceived. He also expressed worry about privacy with smaller classes. Visiting Assistant Professor of Physics Nathalie Haurberg pointed out that in courses below a certain size, the statistical value of an average grade would be minimal anyway.
Assistant Professor of Biology Matthew Jones-Rhoades proposed a single cumulative GPA of what other students earned in all classes the student took as a way of mitigating privacy concerns.
Kasser said that there were some schools that did print such transcripts, although no one present brought one forward as an example. Assistant Professor of Computer Science Jamie Spacco said that Knox should not be the first school to do this.
Ulimately it was decided to give the matter to the Academic Standing Committee to investigate. The results of that investigation will be reported back sometime before March.